Vice and Virtue refers to decision-making within a social contract, or code of ethics, with a distinct set of opinions or beliefs held by an individual and/or by a group. Ethical choices are mediated within social boundaries. Socrates, considered one of the most influential ethics and political philosophers, even today, who lived in the 5th Century B.C. is quoted by Plato as having said "The unexamined life is not worth living." while maintaining that public discussion of virtue is a necessary part of how each of us may add value to our understanding of self, and give value to society by our example. So this action, or imperative, of finding a personal framework of self-knowledge and also ecology/environment in a political world allows us the ego necessary to consider impasses constructed by various ideologies. This presentation will provide an overview of foundational philosophical concepts to enhance ethical decision-making skills, and includes classical Greek philosophy, American virtue jurisprudence, and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as recommended goal posts.