We live in strange times. The line between the actual and the virtual has never been thinner. The new world of cyberspace and the Internet of Things has created new opportunities for businesses, consumers, academics, and everyday people. It has also produced new realms to explore for the dark-hearted among us. The world is now flat and digi-dimensional, with new paths being developed by the thousands every second. While we can see all the positives if we look through the Silicon Valley lens, the truth remains much more nuanced. The field of potential victims is vast and teeming with opportunity, like a scene from a science-fiction movie: target-rich. The fact is there has never been a better time to be a cybercentric perpetrator. These are Gold Rush days. The Internet and its underground cousin, The Darknet, has created a wide-open field where criminals of all stripes – sex offenders, extortionists, pedophiles and swindlers – can operate freely, without much fear of reprisal and even less fear of law enforcement, whose crime-fighting and investigative methodologies are largely stuck in the last millennium. The bald fact is that ordinary people – and their kids – are just low-hanging fruit and nobody’s guarding the orchard. Yet most private investigators and local law enforcement agencies don’t even have their own computer forensic labs, much less the skills to run them. If you’re hacked – if someone decides to steal your industrial secrets, cyberstalk you, or plant kiddie-porn on your computer – chances are good that nobody in local law enforcement will have any idea how to handle your case. And Homeland Security, or the regional shared digital forensic labs, is busy chasing bigger fish. It’s an ever-expanding world and the Internet has impacted how we live in it as much, if not more, than the invention of the printing press did. More than 80 percent of the information generated today only exists digitally. Increasingly, criminals use the digital realm to access victims and commit crimes. If you don’t have the competence to go after information stored in digital formats as well as analogue formats, you’re not getting the full picture – and you’re not going to catch them. Many became aware of the Darknet in 2012 during the case of Silk Road, an underground drug marketplace that grew from zero to over a billion dollars in less than 2 years. The Silk Road, was just the first major marketplace, now there are hundreds if not thousands. It is also not just drugs, but illegal hacking services, black market pornography and every other illegal and off color service and product one could imagine or fear. This presentation is a review of the Darknet, the often misunderstood and impactful cousin of what is often called the “Clearnet” or “Topnet”, which is the Internet that we all search daily via our favorite search tool like Google or a browser like Internet Explorer. The Darknet is not visible with these standard tools; you need a specialized browser called TOR. In this presentation we explore TOR and the communities visible using TOR, both for legal and illegal intent. It is a review of how the Darknet has changed everything from whistleblowers and encrypted private communication to the purchase of illegal drugs, hacking services and human trafficking. It’s our hope that by listening to this hour long presentation we can help to inform business and community leaders to better understand what is occurring right in front of them. It hopefully can help them protect their businesses, families, and communities from the Dark subculture that is now present in all of our lives. The presentation includes clear “take home value” that any business executive and concerned parent can implement immediately to reduce their business and personal risk. As leaders in the world of private investigations, Daniel Weiss and Marc Miller have a plethora of experience that establishes them as experts on this topic. Daniel is an entrepreneur, private investigator and Managing Partner for McCann Investigations. He started his 25-year career in the security industry working at a maximum-security prison while a graduate student at Northeastern University. Daniel then held managerial positions at Wells Fargo and Chubb before becoming the founder of multiple security companies. As a security expert he has been interviewed by leading news organizations including ABC, NBC, and CBS. His knowledge covers private investigation, computer forensics, loss prevention, physical security, and surveillance. He has published guides on Privacy, Cloud Discover and Cyber Fraud, as well as a book, Handling Bad – Inside a Cyber Era Private Investigative Firm, which focuses on his stand-out experiences. Joining him is Marc Miller, the General Counsel for McCann Cyber Investigations. He began his legal career as an Assistant District Attorney in Harris County (Houston), Texas. Marc moved on to the United States Justice Department where he held a variety of positions over his 10-year tenure, serving in the Computer Crime and IP Theft divisions, as well as a Federal Prosecutor assigned to an Organized Crime Task Force section responsible for prosecution of money-laundering, conspiracy, wire-tap and narcotics. Marc then joined the private sector, working for Nintendo and the MPAA running global programs with a focus on cybercrime and IP Theft.